Treatment Guides

IVF & Infertility

About treatment

In-vitro-fertilization (IVF) infertility treatment is a popular form of assisted reproductive technology. Every year more than half a million babies are born with the help of IVF treatment. 

In a natural pregnancy, the ovary releases an egg during ovulation which travels to meet the sperm for fertilization. While the fertilisation process usually takes place inside the uterus, IVF works to recreate this process externally outside the female’s body. 

Who is this for

IVF is designed to treat infertility making it an attractive option for:

  • Women over 40

  • Those with underlying fertility conditions such as endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or ovulation disorder. 

  • Damaged or removed fallopian tubes 

  • Males with low sperm count or impaired function 

  • Cancer patients looking for fertility preservation 

How to prepare 

IVF can be a long process. While it increases your chances, there is no guarantee it will result in pregnancy. It is necessary to manage expectations to limit the stress the procedure can cause. The doctors within Med-Ez will ensure you are comfortable and supported, individuals and couples must be ready for a rollercoaster of ups and downs. 

Upon making sure IVF is the right procedure for you, it is useful to take steps to keep your body in the best shape. This includes eating a well-balanced diet, moderate exercise and maintaining a healthy weight. Individuals undergoing treatment are also encouraged to stop smoking, drinking alcohol and recreational drugs. Before beginning the procedure you and your partner will have to undergo a series of tests to better understand the health of the semen, ovaries and uterine cavity. 

What to expect during the procedure 

IVF operates in cycles which can take from 2-6 weeks. A successful pregnancy can require many cycles, taking many months to complete.

  •  You will first be given fertility medications to stimulate the ovaries, increasing your egg production. The typical medication intake is 8-14 days. Many eggs are needed as it is expected that many will not last and develop for fertilization. 
  • Next the produced eggs will be retrieved through a short, minor procedure under general anaesthesia 
  • Your partner will have to produce a sperm sample on the same day as your egg retrieval. If you are using donated or frozen sperm, they will be prepared the same way. 
  • You are now ready for the insemination process. The eggs and sperm will be mixed together in the laboratory to undergo fertilisation. For the next 3-6 days the embryo will be monitored to see if the fertilisation was successful, and if so will be transferred. 
  • Upon succession, the embryo is transferred back into the uterus through a small tube. 
  • A pregnancy test and blood test will be taken 10-14 days after the transfer to determine if the procedure was a success. 

Taking care after treatment 

Throughout the IVF procedure you should not endure any pain. However, you may experience minor discomfort and cramping after the embryo implantation. Sides effects should remain mild and may include nausea, headaches, weight gain, mood swings, hot flashes and bloating. Patients should prepare for the psychological side of recovery. It is encouraged that individuals and couples receive proper counseling and support to help cope with the anxiety and hormonal changes brought on by the procedure. 

Be aware of the risks 

It is important to remember that IVF does not guarantee pregnancy. Furthermore, while the side effects are typically mild, there is the risk of: 

  • Vomiting 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Faintness 
  • Weight gain

Success 

The success rate of IVF treatment is dependent on many factors and varies for each patient. Your maternal age, lifestyle, reproductive history and reason for infertility will impact the chance of success. On average, women under the age of 35 have a 40% success rate of pregnancy with women over 40 having around a 11% rate.

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Medez Phone: 02034885947 Email: enquiries@med-ez.com